Terpenes in Cannabis

The role of terpenes in cannabis:

I terpenes they are volatile components produced by many plants as well as by some insects. The plants they produce terpenes they often have smells and flavors that we know and perceive as pleasing, like aromatic herbs. These herbs have always been grown all over the world, not only for perfumery and cooking, but also for medical purposes. The taste and smell of each aromatic plant corresponds to a unique blend of terpenes.

More than single 120s terpenes they are produced from cannabis, with a relative single concentration that varies greatly between 700 distinct varieties currently on the market. Beyond taste and odor differences between these varieties, their factors provide a wide range of medical applications for cannabis. Several laboratory tests have shown that the full range of medical effects of cannabis can not simply be recreated with cannabinoids like drug, pure or synthetic. For example, Marinol and Dronabinol, two THC drugs, synthetic components have demonstrated their medical limitations when compared to cannabis oil that contains the full range of cannabinoids and terpenes. These observations indicate that in cannabis (including cannabis), plus cannabinoids, secondary components including terpenes can modulate cannabinoids.

 The essential oils, mainly composed of terpenes, have a long history of medicinal uses. Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are chemically classified as terpenoids in the sense that they are taken from the terpenes themselves. Essential oils are still traditionally used as a treatment for skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis or, for example, antibiotic. In addition to these current uses we know that cannabis terpenes have neurological effects and act in the production of neurotransmitters dopamine and seratonin. Cannabinoids are directly modulated by terpenes, called synergy. Mircene and several other terpenes can act as a cannabinoid agonist / antagonist receptor by modulating the effects of THC in a manner similar to CBD (cannabidiol).

Here is a short list of the most common terpenes:

myrcene
Bouquet: musky, clove, earthy, herbal based with citrus and tropical fruit notes.
Effects: relaxation, drowsiness, sofa block.
Medical value: antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, good for muscle tension, pain, insomnia, depression.
It is found in: mango, lemongrass, thyme, hop.
Cannabis strains: Kush, White Widow, Skunk #1.

linalool
Smell: floral, citrus, sweet.
Effects: relief from anxiety, sedative qualities.
Medical value: anti-anxiety, anti-convulsants, anti-depressant, treatments for acne.
It is found in: lavender.
Cannabis strains: OG Kush, AK 47.

caryophyllene
Smell: spicy, cloves, wood.
Effects: known to increase heart rate.
Medical value: arthritis, ulcers, autoimmune diseases, general gastrointestinal problems.
It is found in: black pepper, cloves, cotton.
Cannabis strains: Amnesia Haze, Purple Haze.

Limonene
Odor: citrus.
Effects: high mood, relieves stress.
Medical value: anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant.
It is found in: fruit peel, rosemary, juniper, peppermint.
Cannabis strains: Jack Herer, Amnesia Lemon.


REF: http://www.alchimiaweb.com/blogen/marijuana-terpenes-effects/